Incubation period is the time between acquiring a disease and its clinical manifestation.
The mnemonics here use the Derren Brown Memory Menumonic system
Diphtheria = 2-5days
- Membrane formation in the throat
- Can lead to severe toxaemia
- This can damage cardiac muscle
Dippy the dinosaur knocking over a Hen and Hive (2 and 5)
Glandular Fever = 2-6weeks
- Caused by Epstein Barr virus
- Extremely common
- In children can be mild
- In adolescence & adults – typical features:
- Sore throat
A hen trying to kiss a bee…. for weeks!
Hepatitis B = 2-6months
- Transmitted through Blood or bodily fluid
- By injection or mucous membrane exposure
Hen injecting a Bee for months
Mumps = 12-25days
- Non-specific prodrome (fever, sore throat, malaise, headache)
- Leads to parotid gland swelling
- Usually only symptomatic treatment only is required
- Usually resolves in 1-2weeks
- Common serious complications are:
- Menigoencephalitis (10% of patients with parotitis)
- Orchitis (25% of postpubertal males with mumps, bilateral in about 15% of those effected)
Man hanging from a washing line (12) by his testicles (mumps oorchitis) trying to cut the line with a knife (25).
Pertussis (whooping cough) 7-14days
- Highly infectious
- Caused by Bordetella Pertussis
- Major cause of morbidity or mortality
- Routine childhood immunisation offers protection
- Epidemics every 3-5years
- Infectious from onset of catarrhal symptoms
- Early symptoms are non-specific (dry cough/fever/Coryza)
- Over 1-2weeks the cough becomes more severe and characteristic “whooping” on inspiration
Margie drinking Tea (7) with one hand trying to throw a toy lorry (14) through a basketball hoop.
Chicken Pox 7-21days
A chicken Nailed to west park primary (cole) with a golf tee.
Hand Foot and Mouth 2 – 6 days
Can only hold that bee (6) and hen (3) in your hand for a few days.
Lorry (14) running over nails (21) layed out in shape of swashstiker (german)